The European Court of Human Rights is an international institution which can receive complaints from persons claiming that their rights under the European Convention on Human Rights have been violated.This Convention is a treaty by which 47 European States have agreed to secure certain fundamental rights. The rights guaranteed are set out in the Convention and its supplementary Protocols.
The European Court of Human Rights consists of 47 judges and there will be one judge appointed from each contracting state to the European Convention. Judges are elected for a non-renewable term which lasts for nine years. Pauline Koskelo took office as a newly appointed judge from Finland in the European Court of Human Rights in early 2016.